“Greet one another with a kiss of love.
Peace be to you all who are in Christ.”

– 1 Peter 5:14


Table of Contents

ARTICLE I: NAME
ARTICLE II: AFFILIATION
ARTICLE III: PURPOSE
ARTICLE IV: ARTICLES OF FAITH

ARTICLE V: MEMBERSHIP
ARTICLE VI: CHURCH DISCIPLINE
ARTICLE VII: BAPTISM AND THE LORD’S SUPPER
ARTICLE VIII: OFFICE-BEARERS
ARTICLE IX: TRUSTEES

ARTICLE X: CONGREGATIONAL BUSINESS MEETINGS
ARTICLE XI: BY-LAWS
ARTICLE XII: AMENDMENTS
ARTICLE XIII: DISSOLUTION

PREAMBLE

We, the members of Providence Reformed Baptist Church of Toledo, Ohio, do
ordain and establish the following articles, to which we voluntarily submit
ourselves.

ARTICLE I: NAME

The name of this church shall be Providence Reformed Baptist Church of
Toledo, Ohio.

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ARTICLE II: AFFILIATION

SECTION 1. Headship of Christ

We acknowledge no ecclesiastical authority other than our Lord Jesus Christ, who is Head of the Church (Eph 5:23) and who directs the affairs of the church through elders chosen and ordained according to the precepts of Holy Scripture. The elders themselves at all times and in all their activities stand under the authority of Holy Scripture.

SECTION 2. Mutual Assistance

The church may and does cooperate with other like-minded churches in matters of mutual interest and concern. We may seek the assistance and counsel of other churches in matters of special concern to us, but the decision of no other church or group of churches shall at any time be acknowledged as binding on this church.

SECTION 3. Formal Affiliation

When it is though desirable to have fellowship, consultation, and cooperation with local churches of like faith and order, this church may join itself to associations of churches. Upon recommendation of the elders, such affiliations may be entered by a vote of the congregation. Withdrawal from associations may be effected by the same procedure. Delegates to such associations shall be chosen by the elders.

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ARTICLE III: PURPOSE

The purpose of this church is to glorify the God of the Scriptures in promoting His worship, evangelizing sinners, and edifying saints. Therefore we are committed to the proclamation of God’s perfect Law and the glorious Gospel of His grace through all the world and to the defense of “the faith once delivered unto the saints” (Jude 3). “Unto Him be the glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to all generations forever and ever. Amen” (Eph 3:21).

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ARTICLE IV: ARTICLES OF FAITH

We do hereby adopt as the fullest expression of our faith the London Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689. The ultimate authority in all matters of faith, order, and morals is and must be the Bible alone, as articulated in the opening article of the Confession itself. This historic document is,
however, an excellent summary of “the things most surely believed among us.”
We accept it not as an infallible rule or code of faith, but as an
assistance to us in doctrinal definition, a confirmation in faith, and a
means of edification in righteousness. Here the members of our church will
have a body of theology in compact form and, by means of Scriptural proofs,
will be ready to give a reason for the hope that is within them (I Pt 3:15).

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ARTICLE V: MEMBERSHIP

SECTION 1. Requirements for Membership

Any person who professes repentance toward God and faith in our Lord
Jesus Christ, who manifests a life transformed by the power of Christ, who
has been baptized upon the profession of his faith, who expresses
substantial agreement with the doctrines and aims of this church, and who is
willing to submit to its government shall be eligible for membership in it.

SECTION 2. Types of Membership

Each member of the church is acknowledged to form a vital part of the
body and to have a particular function in the life of that body (I Cor
12:14-27). Practical considerations, however, require that certain
distinctions be recognized in the membership of this church.

Paragraph A. Regular Members. All who are received into the membership of
the church according to the procedures set forth in Section 3 of this
Article, who continue in regular attendance at the stated meetings of the
church, and who do not come under the corrective discipline of the church as
set forth in Article VI, shall be considered regular members in good
standing and entitled to all the rights and privileges of membership in the
church.

Paragraph B. Associate Members. Regular members who move away from our
area and who cannot find another local church with which they can
conscientiously unite will, at their request, be retained as associate
members of this church. Such persons must maintain regular communication
with the church in order to maintain their associate membership in it.
Nevertheless, they are urged to diligently seek a church with which they can
unite elsewhere. An associate member shall not be allowed to vote in any
business meeting of the church. At the discretion of the elders, associate
members may also be granted to invalids, Christian workers, and others whose
relation to the church involves unusual circumstances.

SECTION 3. Procedures in the Reception of New Members

Paragraph A. Application for Membership. A person who desires to become a
member of this church should apply in writing to the elders and request to
be interviewed by them. During the interview the elders will seek to
determine whether that person has a credible profession of faith in Christ,
has been Scripturally baptized, is in substantial agreement with the
doctrines of the church, and intends to give wholehearted support to its
ministry and submit to its discipline.

Paragraph B. Current Members of Other Churches. If the applicant is or
has been a member of another church, special effort will be made to
determine the person’s standing in that church and his reasons for leaving.
At the discretion of the elders, a letter of inquiry concerning the person’s
standing may be sent to that church before his acceptance as a member in
this church is determined.

Paragraph C. Congregational Responsibility. If the elders are satisfied
that the applicant meets the requirements for membership, they shall
announce the same to the congregation at a stated meeting of the church.
Time will be allowed for objections or questions to be raised by any member
concerning the applicant’s manner of life or doctrine. If no objection is
raised which the elders consider to be valid, the person will be publicly
received into membership. The elders may postpone the reception of a person
into the membership until proper investigation can be made concerning
objections which in their judgment are sufficiently serious.

SECTION 4. Termination of Membership.

Paragraph A. By Physical Death. When a member of the church is removed
from our midst by death, his name shall automatically be removed from the
membership roll.

Paragraph B. By Transfer. When it is so requested, the elders may grant
to a departing member in good standing a letter of dismissal to the
fellowship of another church. No such letter may be given to a member who is
at the time under the corrective discipline of this church. The elders may
refuse to grant a letter of transfer to any church which is in their
judgment disloyal to “the faith which was once for all delivered unto the
saints” or which does not exercise godly care over its members.

Paragraph C. By Exclusion. If a member is habitually absent from the
stated meetings of the church without showing just cause, or if due to
relocation ceases to maintain a vital contact with the church, he may be
excluded from the membership at the discretion of the elders. Also, any
member who personally so requests may after due admonition be excluded from
the membership. In such cases no congregational approval of the action shall
be needed; the elders shall simply announce to the congregation that such a
person is no longer a member. If an excluded member applies again for
membership, the procedures set forth in Section 3 of this Article will again
be followed.

Paragraph D. By Excommunication. According to the teaching of Holy
Scripture a congregation must cut off from its fellowship and visible
membership any person who teaches or insists on holding false and heretical
doctrine, who blatantly and persistently conducts himself in a manner
inconsistent with his Christian profession, or who persists in disturbing
the unity and peace of the church and is unwilling to settle differences on
Scriptural grounds. (Mt 18:15-18; I Cor 5). The procedure to be followed in
such excommunication is set forth in Article VI, Section 2 of this
Constitution.

SECTION 5. Conduct Required of Members.

Paragraph A. Attendance at Meetings. All regular members are to strive to
attend the Lord’s day meeting(s) of the church unless providentially
hindered.

Paragraph B. Means of Grace. The church expects its members to make use
of the various other means of grace which are available to them, such as the
regular daily reading of the Bible, regular private and family prayer.

Paragraph C. Financial Support. Since it is clearly taught in Scripture
that Christians should financially support the work of the Lord by
systematic and proportionate giving made through the local church (Mal
3:8-10; I Cor 16:1,2; II Cor 8,9), all the members should strive to conform
to this rule of Scripture. This act of worship is to be done according to
one’s ability and the willingness of one’s heart (II Cor 8:1-5; Ex 36:2-7).

Paragraph D. Family Life. The church expects its members to obey the
teachings of the Scriptures in respect to family life and government. As the
God-appointed head of the family, the husband must rule over the household
with gentleness and love, but also with wisdom and firmness (Eph 5:25ff, I
Tim 3:4,5). The wife must be in subjection to her husband in all things
according to the rule of Scripture (Eph 5:22-24; I Pt 3:1). The husband with
the wife must “nurture their children in the chastening and admonition of
the Lord” (Eph 6:1-4), by setting a godly example before them, by
instructing them consistently in the Scriptures, and by wise and firm
discipline, including the prudent use of corporal punishment (Eph 6:4) when
it is needed (Prov 13:24; 22:15; Heb 12:7).

Paragraph E. Relationships and Ministries. Inasmuch as the church is
represented in Scripture as a body having many members, each of the members
having its particular function and yet having a concern for the health and
protection of the whole (I Cor 12:12-27; Eph 4:4, 11-16), this church
expects that each of its members will strive for the good of the entire
body. The members must actively seek to cultivate acquaintance with one
another so that they may better be able to pray for one another; love,
comfort, and encourage one another; and help one another materially as
necessity may require. They must refrain from speaking ill of one another
and must keep in strict confidence all matters of private concern to the
church and not discuss them with persons outside of this fellowship (Heb
12:15; Eph 4:29-30).

Paragraph F. Evangelism. It is the duty of every Christian individually
and as a member of a local church to labor for the extension of the kingdom
of God both at home and to the ends of the earth. Therefore, every member of
this church is expected prayerfully to recognize and to seize every
opportunity to bear witness to his faith in Christ both by consistent
Christian conduct and by the testimony of his lips (Mt 28:19,20; Acts 1:8; I
Pt 3:15; Col 4:5,6).

Paragraph G. Christian Liberty. Each member of the church is required to
render in his daily life loyal obedience to all the moral precepts
established in the Word of God (Rom 8:3,4). If God has not condemned or
forbidden a practice in His Word, a Christian is at liberty to participate
in it. The following principles must always guide the Christian’s exercise
of liberty:

  1. Fear of God. As the servant of Christ, all actions must be moved by a
    motive of love for God, and all objects must be used for His glory. The
    term “liberty” is often used as a cloak of malicious self-indulgence,
    which is sin (I Cor 10:31; I Tim 4:4,5; I Pt 2:15,16).

     

  2. Love of the Brethren. Though no man may dictate the Christian’s
    conscience, the welfare of fellow-saints must always deeply affect his
    decisions. In a spirit of serving the brethren, he must do that which he
    judges will edify them and prevent their stumbling (Gal 5:13; I Cor 8:9;
    10:23).
     
  3. Compassion for Sinners. Use of liberty must always be regulated by its
    effect upon sinners, and the behavior chosen must be that which is most
    likely to win some (I Cor 9:19-22).
     
  4. Watchfulness Over the Soul. Though free in conscience to use all of
    God’s creation, carefulness in practice is demanded because of remaining
    lusts. Where the Christian judges himself weak through lust, he must
    abstain in order to persevere (I Cor 9:23-27; Jms 4:17; Rom 13:14;
    14:22,23).

Paragraph H. Submission to Oversight. All who come into the membership of
this church are required to recognize and submit to the Scriptural authority
deposited in the offices of this church (I Thes 5:12,13; Heb 13:7,17).

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ARTICLE VI: CHURCH DISCIPLINE

SECTION 1. Formative Discipline.

Every disciple (follower) of Christ must be under discipline (His
instruction and correction), which is administered to each one through the
church, according to I Cor 12:12-17; Rom 12:3-21; and other passages. Mutual
submission to one another and to the overseers whom the Lord has set over
His church (Eph 5:21; I Pt 5:5) will result in the sanctification of each
member individually and of the whole body of the church collectively. There
are occasions, however, when failure in the application of this formative
discipline makes the application of corrective discipline necessary.

SECTION 2. Corrective Discipline.

Paragraph A. General Statement. Corrective discipline becomes necessary
when heretical doctrine or disorderly or scandalous conduct appears among
the members of the church. In all such cases reasonable efforts must be made
to resolve difficulty, correct error, and remove offense through counsel and
admonition before more drastic steps are taken (Gal 6:1; Jms 5:19,20). The
principles given to us in Mt 18:15,16 and I Cor 5:1-13 must be carefully
followed in all cases of corporate discipline. Corrective discipline always
has for its aims the glory of God, the welfare and purity of the church, and
the restoration and spiritual growth of the offender. When admonition is not
heeded, suspension of some of the privileges of membership may need to be
imposed, and if this measure fails, excommunication from the membership of
the church may be necessary.

Paragraph B. Restriction.

  1. Any conduct on the part of a member which disturbs the peace of the
    church or damages its testimony may require that the offending brother or
    sister be debarred by action of the elders from participating in certain
    activities of the church according to the gravity of the offense. A
    suspension shall be announced to the congregation by the elders and shall
    remain in force until the suspended member gives evidence of true
    repentance and change of conduct. When a suspended member can be restored
    to full fellowship, this shall also be announced to the congregation by
    the elders. While a member is under such discipline, he shall be treated
    by the congregation according to the directions given in II Thes 3:6-15.
    Although such a person is considered to be walking disorderly, he must
    still be regarded as a member and not cut off from the church.
     
  2. lf a member has sinned publicly but shows hopeful signs of repentance,
    including submission to the admonition of the elders, it may still be
    necessary to suspend him for a time from some of the privileges of
    membership lest reproach be brought upon the church, lest others be
    emboldened to sin, and lest the offender himself fail to test his own soul
    and realize the gravity of his offense. Those who humbly submit to the
    imposed discipline shall afterwards be wholly forgiven and publicly
    received back into full fellowship of the church.
     
  3. In the case where a person is accused or suspected of gross sin and
    absents himself from the congregation, refusing to meet with the elders
    that the matter may be investigated, the elders shall announce to the
    congregation that the person is suspended from the membership, and such
    suspension shall continue in force as long as the conditions giving rise
    to it continue.

Paragraph C. Excommunication. Excommunication is the strongest statement
of church discipline and is the final act of corrective discipline. It shall
be enacted Scripturally as an act of the church toward a member who teaches
or insists on holding false or heretical doctrine; who blatantly or
persistently conducts himself in a manner inconsistent with his Christian
profession; or who persists in disturbing the unity and peace of the church
(Tit 3:10,11; Rom 16:17,18). Excommunication must be enacted in the
following cases:

  1. Suspended members who have persisted in unrepentant, sinful behavior
    may, by the decision of the elders, have their status reviewed and be
    dealt with as in item #2 below.
     
  2. Some types of conduct must be categorized as “immoral” (I Cor 5:9-11;
    6:9,10; Gal 5: 16ff) and a member guilty of such conduct must be cut off
    from the fellowship of the church (I Cor 5:3-5; Mt 18:17). In such a case
    the elders shall make earnest efforts to bring the offender to true
    repentance and reformation, but if these efforts fail, they shall report
    the same to the congregation at a regular or specially called business
    meeting of the church and recommend that the offender be excommunicated –
    which must be done, according to Scripture by action of the entire church
    (Mt 18:17; I Cor 5:4). To be valid, an act of excommunication must have
    the approval of at least two-thirds of the members present and voting.

     

  3. Likewise, some wrong opinions regarding the doctrines of Scripture are
    so serious that they must be categorized as “heretical” (Gal 1:6-9; I Tim
    4:1), and a member who persists in propagating or holding any such
    opinion, in spite of earnest and patient admonition in the same manner as
    an immoral person.

Paragraph D. Restoration. It is the duty of the church to forgive and
restore to membership those persons who give satisfactory evidence of being
penitent (II Cor 2:6-8). The elders may review the status of those who have
been excommunicated or suspended to judge whether the aims of the discipline
have been accomplished. Such action is to be reported to the church. Upon
recommendation of the elders, the congregation shall have the right to
restore a suspended member by a two-thirds vote of the members present and
voting at a duly called congregational meeting. Excommunicated members shall
be eligible for membership under the provisions of Article V.

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ARTICLE VII: BAPTISM AND THE LORD’S SUPPER

SECTION 1. General Statement.

There are two ordinances of special significance which our Lord has
commanded us to observe, namely Baptism and the Lord’s Supper. (These are
sometimes referred to as “sacraments.”) Neither of them has saving merit,
nor is any grace imparted to the recipient through the water of Baptism or
the bread and the cup of the Supper. These ordinances are not means of
“special grace”, but they are “special means of grace” and powerful aids to
the faith of the believers who participate in them.

SECTION 2. Baptism.

Only confessed disciples of our Lord Jesus Christ are proper candidates
for Baptism, and all such persons should be baptized (Acts 2:38). Believing
that Baptism is the God-ordained door of entrance into the visible community
of the people of God, we shall receive into membership of the church only
those who have been baptized by immersion and ‘into the name of the Father
and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Mt 28:19).

SECTION 3. The Lord’s Supper.

Whereas Baptism is the initiatory ordinance by which one enters the
visible church and should be observed only once by each believer, the Lord’s
Supper should be celebrated frequently by the assembled church (I Cor
11:26). While this is a most holy ordinance and should be observed with
solemnity and dignity, the bread and the cup of the Supper are and remain
only symbols of the broken body and the shed blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.

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ARTICLE VIII: OFFICE-BEARERS

SECTION 1. General Statement.

Jesus Christ alone is Head of the church (Col 1:18), and He governs His
church through office-bearers whom He appoints and who are endowed by His
Spirit with the gifts and graces needed to accomplish their work.
Office-bearers in the church are of two kinds: elders (also called
“bishops”) and deacons (Phil 1:1; I Tim 3:3-13). It is the duty of the
church to seek and discover among its members those to whom Christ the Lord
has imparted the necessary gifts of office-bearing, and after formally
recognizing them by common sufferage, to set them apart by united prayer,
and then to submit to their authority.

SECTION 2. Elders.

Paragraph A. Number, Source, and Calling. Whereas in new or small
congregations only one man may have the gifts requisite to his being
recognized as an elder (such a congregation may, in fact, invite a man who
has the necessary gifts to come and labor among them), the Scriptures
indicate that normally there should be a plurality of elders in the church
(Acts 20:17; Phil 1:1). These are also called “bishops” (meaning
“overseers”) because they are charged with the oversight of the assembly
(Acts 20:28; I Pt 5:2). They are the “pastors and teachers” given to the
church “for the perfecting of the saints, unto the work of ministering, unto
the building up of the body of Christ” (Eph 4:11,12).

Paragraph B. Teaching Elders. Any man thus called to this office must
join the church as a member and must conscientiously affirm his agreement
with the Articles of Faith and the Constitution of this church. Should he at
any time move from this position, he is under spiritual and moral obligation
to make this fact known to the church.

Paragraph C. Roles and Responsibilities. Elders are responsible for the
spiritual ministrations of the church, the implementation of discipline, and
the oversight of the souls of the church’s members “as they that shall give
an account” to God (Acts 20:28; Heb 13:17; I Pt 5:2,3). While every elder
should be “apt to teach”, some will be more engaged in formal and public
teaching, while others will be more engaged in pastoring (that is, private
teaching and admonishing) and governing. Gifted men who are not recognized
as elders may engage in public preaching and teaching, provided they are
godly in character and walk, but the exercise of their gift must be under
the direction and control of the elders.

Paragraph D. Oversight of Elders. While elders are overseers of the
flock, they are themselves members of the flock. Therefore, each elder as an
individual is under the oversight of his fellow elders and is subject to the
same discipline as are all the members of the church.

Paragraph E. Number and Term of Elders. The church should endeavor to
discover and then formally recognize all the men whom the Holy Spirit has
endowed with the requisite gifts and graces to oversee the church, but only
such men. Thus when men have been ordained to this office, the church will
have the confidence that it has recognized the overseers whom the Holy
Spirit has set over it (Acts 20:28). It is evident, therefore, that neither
the number of elders nor the length of their term of office can be fixed by
the church.

Paragraph F. Qualifications. The qualifications for a man chosen to fill
the office of elder are clearly set forth in Scripture, particularly in I
Tim 3:1-7 and Titus 1:5-9.

SECTION 3. Deacons.

Paragraph A. Responsibilities. Deacons are responsible to administer the
ordinary business, secular affairs, and benevolent concerns of the church so
that the elders may devote themselves without distraction to the matters of
spiritual oversight (Acts 6:3,4). They must fulfill the duties of their
office in cooperation with and subjection to the elders.

Paragraph B. Number of Deacons. The number of deacons shall not be fixed.
The church shall choose as many as are needed for the work to be done from
among those who give evidence of having the Scriptural qualifications for
that office (Acts 6:3).

Paragraph C. Qualifications. The qualifications for one chosen to fulfill
the office of deacon are particularly set forth in Acts 6:3 and I Tim
3:8-13.

SECTION 4. Appointment of Office-bearers.

Paragraph A. Guidance on Appointments. The local church, under the
guidance of the Holy Spirit, is responsible to appoint men to the offices of
elders and deacon. Each individual involved should have an inward conviction
that the Lord is calling him to the particular office, and the church should
recognize that call as it observes in the individual evidence of the gifts
and graces which Scripture requires for the particular office. This is a
matter of such gravity that it should be accompanied by much prayerful
waiting on God for guidance, a careful perusal of the relevant passages of
Scripture, and an objective evaluation of each man nominated to a particular
office. These activities are the responsibility of each individual member of
the church as well as of the church as a whole.

Paragraph B. Nominations. Nominations to the offices of elder and deacon
for consideration at the Annual Business Meeting may be made by the elders
or by the congregation.

  1. The elders alone may at any time during the year present a candidate
    or candidates to either or both offices and call a special congregational
    meeting for their consideration. In no case may a man be presented for
    either office without his knowledge and prior consent.
     
  2. At least once each year, in conjunction with the required
    announcements prior to the Annual Business Meeting, the congregation will
    submit written ballots to determine the mind of God’s people as to who
    they regard as qualifying for office. On this ballot each voting member
    may write the name of any male member and the office for which he believes
    that member to be qualified. Those thus recognized by 25% or more of the
    total voting members of the church shall be considered.
     
  3. Prior to presenting the candidate(s) to the congregation, the elders
    will meet with the man and his family to confirm his willingness to
    undergo congregational examination and his readiness to serve in church
    office. He may, without prejudice, decline nomination. If the man
    consents, he will be presented to the congregation as a nominee for
    office.

Paragraph C. Discussion of Qualifications and Voting. When the time comes
to consider a nomination during a business meeting of the church, the
candidate for office and any members of his immediate family who are present
shall be requested to leave the room while his qualifications are openly
discussed by the entire congregation in the fear of God and the light of
Scripture. After that a written ballot shall be taken. It is hoped that the
vote of the congregation will in such matters always be unanimous, but if
unanimity is not realized, no less than a three-fourths majority of the
members present and voting shall be required for the recognition of an
office-bearer. Paragraph D. Public Installation. Following the recognition
of an office-bearer by vote of the congregation, he shall be publicly
installed in his office at a regular worship service by the prayer of the
whole church and the laying on of the hands of the elders (I Tim 4:14; 11
Tim 1:6).

Paragraph E. Discipline and Confirmation of Office-bearers. Office
bearers are subject to the same rules of discipline as are the other members
of the church. They shall hold office as long as they are faithful to their
calling and have the confidence of the congregation. The church shall
reconfirm (or express the withdrawal of) its confidence in each of its
office-bearers at its annual meeting four years thereafter in the manner
designated in Paragraph C. of this section. An officer may, however, resign
his office without prejudice if for good and valid reasons he finds he is no
longer able to discharge the duties of it. In the event that an officer
fails to receive an expression of confidence from the congregation, he
remains a member in the church, unless disciplinary proceedings under
Article VI are in effect. In these cases, these proceedings take precedence.
In the event that a full time elder fails to receive an expression of
confidence, he is removed from his office and is no longer entitled to
ongoing financial support from the church. Arrangements for his financial
settlement shall be the responsibility of the elders. The financial
severance will not exceed three (3) months of compensation.

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ARTICLE IX: TRUSTEES

SECTION 1. Composition of the Board.

The board of trustees shall consist of three members, one-third of whom
shall be elected by the church at each Annual Business Meeting for a term of
three years. Each member so elected shall hold office until his successor
shall be elected and qualified. A trustee may be elected to succeed himself.
Trustees may be elected from among the office-bearers or from the
congregation at large.

SECI1ON 2. Duties of Trustees.

The trustees shall perform such legal and business transactions as are
peculiarly designated to them by the laws of the State of Ohio. In the
discharge of their duties, they shall act only at the direction of the
elders and deacons of the church.

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ARTICLE X: CONGREGATIONAL BUSINESS MEETINGS

SECTION 1. General Statement.

There shall be an Annual Business Meeting of the church for the hearing
of reports, the electing of officers, and the transaction of such other
business as may properly be brought before the congregation. Special
business meetings may be called at other times at the discretion of the
elders.

SECTION 2. Notice of Meetings.

Paragraph A. Business Meetings. Notice of all business meetings shall be
given at regular worship services on two successive Lord’s Days immediately
prior to the meetings. However, in the case of an emergency, a meeting may
be called on shorter notice by notifying each member by mail or phone of the
time, place, and purpose of the meeting.

Paragraph B. Special Meetings. Meetings for the hearing of special
reports or for seeking the counsel of the congregation may be called on
shorter notice, but no vote may be taken or other business transacted at
such meetings.

SECTION 3. Quorum.

The regular members present at any properly convened congregational
meeting shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

SECTION 4. Maintenance of Order.

One of the elders shall preside at all business meetings.

SECTION 5, Voting.

Paragraph A. Eligibility. All regular members who have reached the age of
eighteen years and are in good standing in the church may vote on any
question brought before the congregation.

Paragraph B. Decision Standards. Unanimity of heart and mind under God
shall at all times be sought and prayed for (Acts 6:5), but when unanimity
is not realized, not less than a two-thirds majority of the members present
and voting shall be required to make a resolution valid.

ARTICLE XI: BY-LAWS

The Elders shall draft and amend from time to time, with the advice and
consent of the deacons, such by-laws as they deem necessary for the
efficient implementation of this Constitution; but no by-law which is in
violation of any of the terms of this Constitution shall be valid. These
by-laws shall be added to this Constitution under the auspices of Article
XII.

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ARTICLE XII: AMENDMENTS

SECTION 1. Procedure.

This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds majority of the regular
members present and voting at a duly convened business meeting of the
congregation.

SECTION 2. Notification.

No proposed amendment may be voted on which has not been distributed to
the members in written form at least two weeks prior to such a meeting.

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ARTICLE XIII: DISSOLUTION

If Providence Reformed Baptist Church of Toledo, Ohio, should conclude
its ministry and be dissolved, none of its assets remaining after meeting
all responsibilities and payment of all just obligations shall inure to the
benefit of an individual member of the church, its officers or other private
individuals. Such assets, if any, shall in the event of its dissolution, be
assigned by action of its members, at a properly called meeting, to such
other organization(s) which are in harmony with the objectives and doctrinal
position as stated in this Constitution. Such organization(s) must also be
recognized by the United States Internal Revenue Service as entitled to
income tax exempt status under section 501 (c) (3) or amendments thereto of
the revenue code.

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Psalm 46